Covid-19: Variant fears could delay England’s 21 June easing review

The government’s review of social distancing rules in England might have to be delayed because of the spread of the Indian Covid variant.

Boris Johnson had hoped to give an update by the end of May ahead of the planned lifting of all remaining restrictions on 21 June.

But No 10 said the government now “cannot be definitive at this point”.

It comes as millions of people can now enjoy new freedoms as lockdown is eased in England, Wales and most of Scotland.

People have been visiting pubs and restaurants indoors for the first time in months, hugging loved ones again and going on holiday as the ban on foreign travel is lifted.

It is hoped all remaining legal limits on social contact can be removed on 21 June, meaning unlimited numbers of guests at events such as weddings, and nightclubs allowed to reopen.

Ahead of this, a review of the measures – as well as the possible use of coronavirus status certification or passports – had been expected by the end of May.

The prime minister’s official spokesman said: “The Indian variant could pose a threat to this process – our decision will be based on latest data. We will set out plans as soon as the data allows.”

  • Live updates: Lockdown easing not luring people to High Streets
  • In pictures: Lockdown eases in parts of the UK
  • Why is the India variant causing concern in the UK?
  • What are Monday’s big changes to lockdown?

“I don’t want to get ahead of where we are at the moment and start getting into hypothetical situations.”

The government has set four tests which must be met before lockdown can ease further, which include vaccines continuing to be effective and the risks not being fundamentally changed by new variants.

The rule changes on Monday – which are different in England, Wales and Scotland – have seen thousands of people heading off on foreign holidays, flocking to bingo halls and drinking inside pubs again.

Hospital ward manager Viv Hudson, 58, wept with joy as she finally hugged her daughter Theresa Fox for the first time in more than a year.

“It’s a bit weird – but a good kind of weird. I’ve missed this so much,” said Theresa, 38, who also works for the NHS.


Cinema audiences watch Nomadland inside a movie theatre screen at Chapter, Cardiff, as indoor hospitality and entertainment venues reopen to the public following the further easing of lockdown restrictions in Wales.

image copyrightPA Media

However, the variant first identified in India continues to spread in the UK, with mass testing rolled out to hotspots including Bolton in Greater Manchester, Sefton, in Merseyside and parts of London.

Speaking ahead of the relaxation, Mr Johnson said the government was keeping the variant under close observation and taking swift action where infection rates were rising.

Asked whether ministers would consider a return to a tiered system of rules, the prime minister’s spokesman said: “I don’t want to get ahead of where we are at the moment and start getting into hypothetical situations.”

But he said there was a “very targeted increase in surge vaccinations and testing in these areas where we’re seeing rises and that’s what we want to proceed with if at all possible – but we don’t want to rule anything out”.

Scientists believe the Indian variant does spread more easily, but early data suggests vaccines still work. The exact impact on vaccine efficacy – if any – is yet to be confirmed.


Kim Spencer and Anthony Winder at the Forest restaurant in York, as indoor hospitality and entertainment venues reopen to the public on 17 May 2021

image copyrightPA Media

Downing Street said its concern was about a worst-case scenario where people who had had the jab were still vulnerable.

“That would then lead to increased hospitalisations and put unsustainable pressure on our NHS. That’s the situation we are attempting to avoid here.”

Meanwhile, Downing Street has urged health officials not to extend the vaccine rollout to younger people yet.

Bolton Council and the London mayor are among those to have urged officials to allow people in areas where there are higher rates of the Indian variant to have the jab regardless of their age.

But No 10 said the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation had advised that the best way to protect against the new variant was to stick to its priority list.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock is due to make a statement to MPs in the House of Commons on Covid at 16:30 BST.


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How are the rules changing on Monday?


  • People can now meet indoors in groups of up to six or two households, or in groups of up to 30 outdoors. Overnight stays are allowed
  • Pubs, bars and restaurants can serve customers indoors
  • Museums, cinemas, children’s play areas, theatres, concert halls and sports stadiums can all reopen, as can hotels
  • Social distancing guidance is changing and contact with other households like hugs is a matter of personal choice

Scotland (except Glasgow and Moray):

  • People can meet indoors in groups of six from up to three households. Outdoors, up to eight people from eight households can mix
  • Pubs and restaurants can serve alcohol indoors until 22:30
  • Entertainment venues such as cinemas, theatres and bingo halls can reopen and up to 100 people are allowed at indoor events


  • Pubs and restaurants can reopen indoors and customers can meet in groups of up to six from six households
  • All holiday accommodation can reopen
  • Cinemas, bowling alleys, museums, galleries and theatres can reopen
  • No change to indoor socialising – this is still restricted to extended households where two households can mix with each other and have physical contact

And in all three nations, foreign holidays are allowed.

Northern Ireland will review lockdown rules on 20 May, with the hope that some could be lifted on 24 May.

Read more about the changes here.


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Earlier, Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme he was “very confident” the government would be able to lift England’s remaining restrictions on 21 June but could not guarantee it.

He said: “There is flexibility here because we have another five weeks till the reopening and we will be revisiting the data.”

Sir Jeremy Farrar, a member of the government’s independent scientific advisory group Sage, said Monday’s lifting of the rules was a “very finely balanced” decision.

He said the variant was “becoming dominant in parts of the UK, and yet vaccination across the country has been extraordinary successful”, adding: “A very careful lifting is reasonable, but we may have to reverse that if there is escape from the vaccines.”

Latest figures show another 1,976 cases have been recorded across the UK and a further five people have died.

The number of people who have received their first vaccine dose has topped 36.7 million, while more than 20.2 million second doses have been given.


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By Greg Dawson, BBC News political correspondent

Just a week ago Boris Johnson stood at the podium in Downing Street and talked of his hopes that the government would be able to update businesses by the end of May on the future social distancing rules.

That commitment is already looking shaky.

It is an indication of just how seriously the government views the emergence of the Indian variant that Downing Street today admitted that deadline could slip.

An expected update for when weddings will be able to resume as normal also looks to be on hold; the prime minister’s original intention was to give people 28 days notice ahead of the planned 21 June re-opening.

The government has been adamant for months that it wants this lockdown to be the last.

However, it has repeatedly said it wants to be guided by “data and not dates”, and at the moment there simply isn’t enough data on how serious the Indian variant could be, and how quickly it is spreading within the UK for the government to confidently stand by previously stated deadlines.

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