Covid winter plan promotes jabs but prepares curbs in England

A plan for tackling Covid during autumn and winter in England includes booster jabs for millions – but holds in reserve measures like mandatory vaccine passports for certain settings.

Warning Covid “remains a risk”, Prime Minister Boris Johnson outlined a “Plan A” – promoting vaccines and testing.

He said “Plan B” – with measures including face masks – would aim to prevent the NHS being overwhelmed.

The PM emphasised how “smaller changes” now have a big effect, thanks to jabs.

“More harmful economic and social restrictions would only be considered as a last resort,” the autumn and winter plan says.

Under Plan A, ministers will:

  • encourage the unvaccinated to be jabbed
  • offer vaccines to 12 to 15-year-olds
  • begin a booster jab programme for millions

“Because so many of the population have some degree of immunity, smaller changes in the way we’re asking people to behave can have a bigger impact.”

It will also include continuing testing, tracing of cases and self-isolation for those who catch the virus, Mr Johnson told a Downing Street news conference.

Businesses will also be encouraged to consider using the NHS Covid Pass to check the vaccination or test status of customers.

Under Plan B:

  • the public would be urged to act more cautiously
  • mandatory vaccine passports could be used for mass events and other settings
  • face coverings could be legally-mandated in some places

Guidance on working from home may also be issued under this plan, but Mr Johnson stressed the benefit of returning to the workplace for younger people.

Asked in what circumstances he would consider moving from Plan A to the stricter Plan B, the prime minister said he would consider the risks and state of the disease through real-time data.

“The thing I would stress about Plan B is that it contains a number of different shots in the locker and you wouldn’t necessarily play them all at once, far from it,” Mr Johnson said.

“Because so many of the population have some degree of immunity, smaller changes in the way we’re asking people to behave can have a bigger impact.”

Chief scientific adviser, Sir Patrick Valance, said that while the relationship between cases and hospitalisations has been “really much less” through vaccines: “If you saw that changing again that would be a cause for concern.”

Prof Chris Whitty, the UK government’s chief medical adviser, warned that “winter is coming” and that respiratory viruses such as flu and others would be “hugely advantaged”.

“If you’ve not had your vaccination, now is a very good time to do so,” he said.




Desperate to avoid another lockdown


Analysis box by Nick Eardley, political correspondent


The government wants to avoid bringing back restrictions in England.

Not just the big ones – like closing down shops or pubs. But the smaller ones too – like telling people they must wear face coverings in certain venues or that they should work from home.

The autumn and winter plan keeps the latter on the table. The prime minister gave us an idea of why. He doesn’t want Covid vaccine passports, he says, but if it prevents having to close certain venues in future, he’s prepared to keep the prospect alive.

The plan also says “more harmful economic and social restrictions” are a last resort – ministers are desperate to avoid them.

But the uncertainties of the next few weeks and months mean they cannot be taken off the table completely.




Earlier, Health Secretary Sajid Javid told MPs it was highly likely frontline NHS staff and those in wider social care settings will need to have Covid-19 and flu vaccinations so they can be deployed.

The health secretary said the government would be “keeping an open mind” and waiting for the results of a consultation but he believed this would be “an important step in protecting those at greatest risk”.

He described Plan B measures as those “that we can call upon only if they are needed and supported by the data to prevent unsustainable pressure on the NHS”.

Under that plan, the government expects proof of vaccination would be mandatory for nightclubs, crowded indoor venues with more than 500 attendees, crowded outdoor events with more than 4,000 people, such as festivals, as well as any settings with more than 10,000 people.




At-a-glance: England’s Covid winter plan


A Covid-19 sign

image source, Getty Images

  • This plan covers England only and ministers say it aims to ensure the NHS “does not come under unsustainable pressure”
  • Plan A is to continue using pharmaceutical interventions like booster vaccines, antivirals and other drugs to “build our defences”
  • Test, trace and isolate rules continue; the NHS and social care receive more money; and there will be better communications
  • The UK will also pursue “an international approach” by helping vaccinate the world and manage risks at the border
  • But there is also a Plan B – which will be activated if the NHS begins to struggle
  • It includes urging people to be more cautious; introducing vaccine passports in certain settings; and legally-mandating face coverings in some places
  • The plan says further measures would only be considered “as a last resort”

Plan A or Plan B – what could happen this winter?




Mr Javid said the government would remove more of its powers in the Coronavirus Act, including those directing the temporary closure of schools.

However, those that are “critical” to the pandemic response, such as supporting statutory sick pay for those self-isolating, will remain.

Mr Javid suggested PCR tests for fully vaccinated travellers would be scrapped in favour of cheaper lateral flow tests – with a review due by 1 October.

A further 26,628 coronavirus cases were reported in the UK on Tuesday, alongside another 185 deaths within 28 days of a positive test.




Vaccines are our Plan A


Analysis box by Nick Triggle, health correspondent


The message from ministers in England is clear – we are going to try to rely almost entirely on the vaccines to protect us this winter.

But what is not spelt out is how bad it will have to get before we need to change course and move to Plan B.

The winter plan talks about “unsustainable pressure” on the NHS as the trigger rather than too many deaths.

So what can the NHS cope with? The document does not spell that out.

Currently 7% of hospital beds are filled by Covid patients. That may not sound a lot, but hospitals are run close to capacity so Covid cases quickly impact on other care that can be provided.

The amount of non-emergency treatment being done is already nearly a fifth down on normal levels.

If Covid admissions keep growing or other respiratory illnesses take-off, it will mean more rationing – from knee and hip replacements being delayed to people waiting longer for an ambulance.

None of this though is unusual – it happens every winter. But the scale of it could be very different.





Daily cases graphic


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