Diabetes: Does Melatonin Increase The Risk?
Recent research suggests that lower levels of melatonin, a hormone, could be linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. The study found that women with the lowest levels of melatonin had more than twice the chance of developing the condition, compared to other women in the study who had high levels of the hormone. This link was confirmed by scientists who found that other risk factors didn’t affect the results, such as diet and body weight. Researchers are unsure why melatonin levels affect the diabetes risk, though they are keen to expand on the research in order to find more conclusive evidence. There is no evidence, they claim, that taking melatonin will improve your chances of staying healthy and avoiding diabetes.
Melatonin is the hormone linked to sleep and the biological clock. The production of this hormone is at its highest three to five hours after your fall asleep, as almost no melatonin is produced during the day. Disruptions in your sleep can affect your production of melatonin, too, as can your exposure to sunlight. It is found in areas of the body such as the pancreas, which is responsible for the production of insulin too. The link could suggest that melatonin may also affect the glucose metabolism. Diabetes is a lifestyle condition which is largely affected by diet and weight. Those who suffer from being overweight often find themselves more at risk of developing the condition. You can help to reduce your risk by eating a balanced diet, lowering your intake of fatty and sugary foods, and increasing your level of physical activity. This will help you to maintain a healthy weight, as well as improving your wellbeing. If you think you may be at risk of developing diabetes, speak to your GP who can advise you of ways to help lower the chance.
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