Maintaining Senior Health- Guide for Preventing Malnutrition 

Seniors have unique nutritional needs, usually take more prescribed medication than younger adults and are at a higher risk of developing medical issues such as heart disease and diabetes. These are some of the factors that contribute to an ongoing rise in the number of older people who face the adverse effects of nutritionally deficient diets. 

Causes of Senior Malnutrition 
Knowing the signs of malnutrition among the elderly will make it easer for you to keep your loved ones safe and protected from malnourishment. There are various causes that lead to senior malnutrition, including being unable to cook, living alone, side-effects of medication, restricted diets, alcohol consumption, finding it hard to chew or swallow, a limited income, limited mobility and depression. 

Prevent senior malnutrition by checking the refrigerator to find out what is available and monitoring the senior’s eating habits during mealtimes. Track health and weight changes, encourage seniors to eat food that is rich in nutrients and vitamins, increase hydration and seek help from senior care specialists when you need it. 

– Dehydration is among the top reasons why seniors require urgent medical treatment. People who are over 65 are advised to boost their hydration by drinking fluid each day. 

– Water is always the best source of hydration but various types of fluids can be considered. Control your sugar intake and avoid alcohol. 

– Effective ways to increase nutrients while increasing fluid include soup, juice, milk, iced tea and smoothies. Learn more at

Malnutrition and Health Problems 
Malnutrition in elderly people can result in a variety of health issues. It weakens the immune system and increases vulnerability to infections. Malnutrition slows down the healing process and can cause muscle weakness that leads to accidents and fractures. Malnourishment can make seniors lose interest in eating and this will exacerbate the problem.  

Dealing with Malnutrition 
Malnutrition begins with not eating enough food or consuming food that does not contain nutrients. It is also caused by various psychological and physical issues that range from health concerns to depression. If you are caring for an elderly person who is malnourished, an important step towards improving nutrition is to encourage them to eat healthy. 

– Foods such as vegetables, fruits lean meat and whole grains offer a lot of nutrition. Help seniors reduce their intake of sugar, salt, fats and alcohol. Find ways to substitute unhealthy food choices with healthy options that they can enjoy. 

– Healthy snacks are an effective way to get more nutrients between meals. This is ideal for people who are not able to eat much during their mealtimes. 

– If an elderly person has a restricted diet, make the food tasty with spices and herbs that will enhance flavor. Avoid any blend of spices or herbs that may contain a lot of salt or pepper. 

– Along with dietary changes, you can consider including dietary supplements to ensure that you loved one gets enough nutrients. Consult your doctor about the options that are available. 

– Exercise is useful for improving appetite and keeping the body strong. Turn mealtimes into social activities by taking walks, meeting friends for meals and eating at restaurants occasionally. 

Nutrients are necessary for developing your body, repairing tissues, and regulating the natural process of the body. Good nutrition is vital for the elderly, especially those who have chronic illnesses or have been diagnosed with mental health conditions such as dementia. 

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